Tahkuranna takes its name from the sandstone that makes up the bottom of the sea and which was in the old times used for manufacturing whetstones, used by both locals and exported. 

Up to Viljandi, Tahkuranna herring was widely known and the place was equally famous for cucumber cultivation during the Soviet period.  For the purpose of reviving the tradition of cucumber cultivation, in the summer of 2010, the first Pickled Cucumber Festival was held. 

Today, many locals are still committed to fishing. There is also manufacturing of hockey sticks and sauna equipment, construction and repair of yachts and much more. In small villages are operating village associations and in the parish there are a number of active cultural associations. On the initiative and with the involvement of the energetic Tahkuranna women's group, fairs and events for the parish folks have been organized. 

The area is also the birth place of the first President of the Republic of Estonia Konstantin Päts. A memorial has been placed at the birth place of the President in Tahkuranna, and in a small Naarismaa Farm Museum is a display of his biography. Well worth checking out is the red brick Tahkuranna church built on the sea shore – where the President was christened. 

The nature of the municipality is characterized by dune forests, coastal pastures and swamp meadows; along the coastline are capes, islets and bays. The warm and clean sea water, sand dunes and pine forests are well suited for beach holidays. The finest and most suitable for bathing are the beaches between Reiu and Uulu.

Jõulumäe Health Center located between the forests and sand dunes of Tahkuranna is the largest and most popular sports center of Pärnu County. The diverse health trails of Jõulumäe offer the pleasure of skiing in winter and the joy of hiking in the summer months; in addition, there are other sporting activities here in any season, with any weather.